At the end of 2013 there were around 200 million cellular M2M (Machine-to-Machine) devices in active use. This number is expected to grow 3–4 times by 2019. Average M2M device penetration is around 2 percent of data subscriptions among measured networks, while it can reach 20 percent for those operators that focus on M2M.
Take off for M2M
M2M communication is taking off, driven by declining costs, improved coverage, more capable radio technologies, regulatory mandates and a growing range of successful applications and business models.
Vehicle tracking and fleet management systems
A closer look at the characteristics of M2M devices is required in order to better understand their impact on networks. Securing cost-effective and seamless transfer between networks is a key concern for the global M2M roaming alliances being formed. Average M2M penetration is much higher as a percentage of data roaming devices – around 15 percent – which is explained in part by M2M roaming traffic from vehicle tracking and fleet management systems.